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Title: Hydrographic cruises off northwest Africa: The Canary Current and the Cape Ghir region
Authors: Pelegrí Llopart,José Luis 
Marrero-Diaz, A 
Ratsimandresy, A.
Antoranz, A.
Cisneros-Aguirre, J. 
Gordo, C. 
Grisolía, D. 
Hernandez-Guerra, A 
Láiz, I.
Martínez-Marrero, Antonio 
Parrilla, G.
Pérez-Rodríguez, P.
Rodriguez-Santana, A 
Sangrá Inciarte, Pablo 
UNESCO Clasification: 2510 Oceanografía
Keywords: Hydrographic cruises
Canary Current
Cape Ghir region
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: 0924-7963
Journal: Journal of Marine Systems 
Conference: Symposium on General Study of the Spanish North Atlantic Boundaries
Abstract: We present hydrographic data for several sections located along the African coastline and off Cape Ghir, carried out at times of weak surface winds (October 1995 and September 1997). The main sections are near the continental slope, at mean distances between 100 and 150 km from the coastline. North of Cape Ghir (31°N) the geostrophic transport (referenced to 650 m) of North Atlantic Central Water through these sections is 3.7 and 2.0 Sv for 1995 and 1997, respectively. This confirms that a major fraction of the water transport by the Canary Current flows east, into the continental slope off northwest Africa, at latitudes above Cape Ghir. Most of this flow continues south past Cape Ghir, along the coast and probably through the eastern passages of the Canary Archipelago. A significant fraction, however, may escape through surface Ekman transport (0.3–0.5 Sv during the early fall season) and by offshore flow at Cape Ghir (1.1 Sv in September 1997, referenced to 650 m). Despite the weak winds the Cape Ghir filament was clearly visible, characterized by localized coastal upwelling associated to a cyclonic shallow structure and cold (and fresh) waters stretching offshore as a very shallow feature (50–100 m deep). The satellite images show that the surface temperature field is highly variable, in rapid response to the surface winds, always with a core region of relatively cold water and commonly with one or two associated eddies. Our results support the existence of two recirculation cells in the area: a horizontal one that connects the interior eastern boundary currents with the coastal region and a vertical one related to both wind-induced and filament upwelling. The data also show a salinity subsurface maximum at the root of the filament, linked to water inflow from northern latitudes, and a subsurface anticyclonic eddy over the Agadir canyon, likely related to the poleward slope undercurrent.
ISSN: 0924-7963
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2004.07.001
Source: Journal Of Marine Systems [ISSN 0924-7963], v. 54 (1-4), p. 39-63
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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