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Title: Camel trypanosomosis in the Canary Islands: Assessment of seroprevalence and infection rates using the card agglutination test (CATT/T. evansi) and parasite detection tests
Authors: Gutierrez, C. 
Juste, M. C. 
Corbera, J. A. 
Magnus, E.
Verloo, D.
Montoya, J. A. 
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: 0304-4017
Journal: Veterinary Parasitology 
Abstract: Trypanosomosis due to Trypanosoma evansi (surra) is a major enzootic disease of the dromedary camel. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to assess seroprevalence and infection rates in the Canary Islands using antibody(-card agglutination test-CATT/T. evansi) and parasite detection tests (micro-Haematocrit Centrifugation technique, Giemsa stained blood smears, microscopic examination of lymph node aspirates and mouse inoculation). PCV was also determined. 745 dromedary camels (483 females and 262 males) were examined. Trypanosomes were detected in seven animals. 36 animals yielded CATT positive results while 709 animals were negative. All parasitologically positive animals were also CATT positive. Results showed a good correlation between CATT positive and low PCV and a higher seroprevalence in older animals. Trypanocidal drugs have not been registered in Spain and, consequently, if vigilance is not exercised the prevalence could be increased in the future. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-4017
DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4017(00)00225-9
Source: Veterinary Parasitology[ISSN 0304-4017],v. 90, p. 155-159
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