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Title: An outbreak of nutritional muscular dystrophy in dromedary camels
Authors: Corbera, J. A. 
Morales, M.
Pulido, M.
Montoya, J. A. 
Gutierrez, C. 
Keywords: Selenium
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: 0971-2119
Journal: Journal of Applied Animal Research 
Abstract: An outbreak of nutritional muscular dystrophy (NMD) due to vitamin E/selenium deficiency in an intensive dromedary camel herd causing a mortality of 25 animals (22 calves and 3 adults) is described. From a total. of 12.0 adult animals (84 females) 47 calved. 22 calves (younger than 3, months'. of age) showed clinical signs as weakness, reluctancy to move, muscular rigidity, progressive opisthotonus, stiff gait, difficulty to suck and to.-stand, ataxia, recumbency position,, respiratory distress and-death. Enteritis, pneumonia and sudden death were also observed. in. these animals. In. the, peripartum period 15 dams showed uterine prolapse, placental retention or clinical mastitis, 3 of which died later. Clinical peculiarities. observed in these animals Were opisthotonus, tail elevation and uterine prolapse, never described in dromedaries associated with NMD. Therapeutical dosages used (sodium selenite: 0.06 mg per kg subcutaneously, vitamin E: 640 mg of d-alpha-tocopherol per animal intramuscularly) and preventive dosage of 40 mg/kg of sodium selenite by oral route (by mineral block) resulted adequate in this species.
ISSN: 0971-2119
DOI: 10.1080/09712119.2003.9706775
Source: Journal of Applied Animal Research[ISSN 0971-2119],v. 23, p. 117-122
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