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Title: Effects of newborn characteristics and length of colostrum feeding period on passive immune transfer in goat kids
Authors: Castro, N. 
Capote, J. 
Morales-Delanuez, A.
Rodríguez, C.
Argüello, A. 
Keywords: Immunoglobulin-G
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: 0022-0302
Journal: Journal of Dairy Science 
Abstract: Majorera goat kids (n = 200) were used to evaluate the effects of litter size, birth body weight, sex, and suckling duration on serum IgG concentrations. Kids were assigned to 1 of 3 experimental groups: litter size and sex were equally distributed in each group. In the first group, kids (n = 67) stayed with their dams for 24 h; in the second group, kids (n = 66) stayed with their dams for 48 h; and in the third group, kids (n = 67) stayed with their dams for 120 h. Blood samples were obtained every 24 h for 5 d, and serum IgG concentration was measured using radial immunodiffusion. In litter sizes of 1 to 2 kids, IgG blood serum concentration was significantly higher (18.30 +/- 5.40 mg/mL) than in litters of 3 kids (9.85 +/- 4.23 mg/mL). Kid sex did not affect IgG blood serum concentrations. Suckling duration did not affect kid serum IgG concentrations. In conclusion, kids with low birth body weight (< 2.8 kg) or from litters of 3 may need special attention. If newborn goat kids are allowed to suckle colostrum for at least 24 h from their dams, this seems to be sufficient time to ingest enough IgG from colostrum to achieve an adequate serum IgG concentration and passive immune protection to avoid failure of passive immune transfer.
ISSN: 0022-0302
DOI: 10.3168/jds.2008-1397
Source: Journal of Dairy Science[ISSN 0022-0302],v. 92, p. 1616-1619
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