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Title: Vertical distribution of zooplankton in Canary Island waters: Implications for export flux
Authors: Hernández-León, Santiago 
Gomez, M 
Pagazaurtundua, María
Portillo-Hahnefeld, Agustín
Montero, Irene
Almeida, Carlos 
UNESCO Clasification: 251001 Oceanografía biológica
Keywords: Biomass
Vertical distribution
Canary Islands
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: 0967-0637
Journal: Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 
Abstract: Zooplankton biomass, gut fluorescence and electron transfer system (ETS) activity were measured in vertical profiles (0–900 m) in two different size classes (<1 and >1 mm) in Canary Island waters. Both size fractions displayed a typical pattern of distribution with higher biomass, gut fluorescence and ETS in the shallower layers at night. By day, however, the vertical distribution varied between the size fractions, with higher biomass of the small fraction in the 0–200 m and a layer of large organisms at depth (∼500 m). For both size fractions, average ETS activity was higher by day than at night at depths between 200 and 600 m. Similarly, gut fluorescence was slightly higher by day below 200 m. The downward export of respiratory carbon was 1.92 and 4.29 mg C m−2 d−1 for samples obtained southwest of Gran Canaria Island and west of Tenerife Island respectively, being 2.68 mg C m−2 d−1 for the whole area. These values represented 16–45% (22–28% for the area) of the calculated passive particulate export production resulting from primary production. The estimated “gut flux” accounted for 0.35 (western zone) and 2.37 mg C m−2 d−1 (southwest of Gran Canaria), being 1.28 mg C m−2 d−1 for the whole area and represented between 3 and 25% (11–14% for the whole area) of the estimated passive particle export flux. These results agree with previous estimates and suggest that diel-migrant zooplankton can play an important role in the downward flux of carbon.
ISSN: 0967-0637
DOI: 10.1016/S0967-0637(00)00074-1
Source: Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers [ISSN 0967-0637], v. 48, p. 1071-1092
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