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Title: Cross-sectional area of the tendons of the tarsal region in Standardbred trotter horses
Authors: Santana del Pino, Angelo 
Espinosa García San Román, Jaime 
Spinella, G.
Vilar Guereño, José Manuel 
UNESCO Clasification: 310904 Medicina interna
Keywords: Digital Flexor Tendon
Metacarpal Region
Sonographic Brightness
Echogenicity, et al
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: 0425-1644
Journal: Equine Veterinary Journal 
Abstract: Reasons for performing study: The assessment of a normal range for cross-sectional area (CSA) of tendons in the tarsal region is important in order to use them as reference values in the identification of pathological changes of dimensions. Objectives: To provide normal reference values for the CSA of the tendons of the tarsus of Standardbred trotter horses (STH) by means of ultrasonography. Methods: Transverse echographic images of the tendons were obtained at different levels proximodistally; these images were digitised and CSA values (mean ± s.d.) were obtained for each structure. Results: The largest structure corresponded with the lateral digital flexor/caudal tibial tendon complex at Level 1 and the smallest was the medial digital flexor tendon at Level 4. Almost all tendons showed a slight decreasing in their CSA when crossing the tarsus. Conclusions: The normal CSA values of tendinous structures in the tarsal region of the STH are reported. These data could be used as anatomical references. Potential relevance: The establishment of reference values could serve as a tool to discriminate between normal and abnormal dimensions of tarsal tendons in STH. Other horse breeds should need their own reference values. © 2010 EVJ Ltd.
ISSN: 0425-1644
DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2010.00141.x
Source: Equine Veterinary Journal [ISSN 0425-1644], v. 43, p. 235-239
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