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Title: Respiration quotient variability: Bacterial evidence
Authors: Romero-Kutzner, V. 
Packard, T. T. 
Berdalet, E.
Roy, S. O.
Gagné, J. P.
Gómez, May 
UNESCO Clasification: 251001 Oceanografía biológica
Keywords: O2 consumption
CO2 production
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Electron transport system (ETS), et al
Issue Date: 2015
Project: Metabolismo planctónico: Regulación Bioquímica e Impacto Oceanográfico sobre la Bomba Biológica 
Journal: Marine Ecology - Progress Series 
Abstract: Respiratory metabolism was compared between 2 different physiological states of acetate- and pyruvate-grown cultures of Pseudomonas nautica and Vibrio natriegens. Here, we analyze 35 h and 520 h experiments in which time-courses of protein, pyruvate, acetate, respiratory CO2 production (RCO2), respiratory O2 consumption (RO2), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) activity, and potential respiration (Φ) were measured. Respiratory quotients (RQs) were calculated as the ratio of the respiration rates (RCO2/RO2). Such RQs are widely used in ocean ecosystem models, in calculations of carbon flux, and in evaluations of the ocean’s metabolic balance. In all the cultures, the RQ tended to increase. In the case of P. nautica on acetate, the RQ rose nearly an order of magnitude from values below 1 during carbon-substrate sufficiency to values close to 10 during carbon-substrate deficiency. In all the cultures, the respiration rates during the growth period paralleled the biomass increase, but after the substrates were exhausted, the respiration rates fell. In contrast, through this same transition period, the IDH activity and the Φ remained relatively high for the first 10 h of carbon-substrate deprivation, and then, these enzyme activities fell slowly, along with the biomass, as the carbon-substrate deprivation continued. The nutritional state of the bacteria affected the RQ, rendering the RQ variable for physiological and ecological purposes. These results argue that ecosystem models, oceanographic calculations of carbon flux, and evaluations of the ocean’s metabolic balance that are influenced by bacterial metabolism need to be reconsidered in light of RQ variability.
ISSN: 0171-8630
DOI: 10.3354/meps11062
Source: Marine Ecology Progress Series [ISSN 0171-8630], v. 519, p. 47-59
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