|Title:||Ozone Dry Deposition in a Semi-Asanchezrid Steppe and in a Coniferous Forest in Southern Europe||Authors:||Sánchez, M. L.
|UNESCO Clasification:||Investigación||Issue Date:||1997||Publisher:||1096-2247||Project:||AMB94 (CICYT)||Journal:||Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association||Abstract:||Ozone dry deposition fluxes and velocities were measured in 1994 in a semi–arid steppe of central Spain and in a forest in southern France during the period of photochemical activity using the gradient method. Downward fluxes were systematically obtained in both sites, with lower values at nighttime and maximum values during the central period of the day, which showed the important role of stomata in ozone uptake. The range of deposition velocities was –0.005 to 1.160 in the forested site and 0.001 to 1.430 cm s–1 in the semi–arid steppe. The nocturnal deposition velocities observed in the semi–arid steppe were considerably higher than in the forest, with values up to 0.35 cm s–1. A single layer canopy model was applied and validated at both sites. The model fitted the daily patterns well but underestimated the observed values by 34% in the forest and by 10% in the semi–arid steppe. To improve the accuracy of the model, both soil and internal stomatal resistances, Rsoil and Ri, were estimated using a least square technique. The interdependence of both parameters and the relative humidity, rH, was evaluated through a statistical analysis of the residual between the observed deposition velocity and the aerodynamic, sub–layer, and stomatal resistances. The comparison between the parameter estimates under wet and dry conditions in both sites showed (1) the influence of rH on stomatal parameter and soil resistance, (2) the large contribution of stomatal conductance to ozone uptake during the daytime, and (3) the importance of soil as an additional pathway for ozone exchange, especially in the steppe. Taking into account the parameter estimates, the underestimate of the modeled results was 3% in the forest and 5% in the semi–arid steppe.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/47319||ISSN:||1096-2247||DOI:||10.1080/10473289.1997.10463939||Source:||Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association [ISSN 1096-2247], v. 47, p. 792-799|
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