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Title: Aerosols in a mediterranean forest: Sulfates, particle size distribution, and growth rates
Authors: Sánchez, M. L.
Dominguez, J.
Rodriguez, R. 
UNESCO Clasification: 23 Química
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: 1047-3289
Journal: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Abstract: Particle size distribution measurements in 16 nonlinear intervals covering the 0.1-7.5 mu m range and concurrent sulfate concentrations were continuously recorded in September 1996 over the period of two weeks in a Mediterranean forest. Sulfate size distribution was derived from a linear correlation fit between the concentrations and the number of particles recorded at each particle size interval. The results revealed two modal diameters for sulfates, with typical diameters at 0.3 and 0.675 mu m. These results were associated with two different dominant chemical mechanisms governing sulfate formation. In order to describe the dominant chemical mechanism, the growth law approach was applied. Growth rates were determined using the parameter estimates of the fitted particle size distribution function. By matching these data with sulfate concentrations, the dominant chemical reactions were identified. The results have shown that sulfate formation is governed by both homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions and that the latter process was dominant. Condensation reactions prevailed in the early morning and late afternoon, and volume reactions at night, particularly in high-moisture conditions. From the observational data, the gas-to-particle conversion rate for sulfur dioxide (SO2) at nighttime was also derived, yielding a 2.18%/hr(-1).
ISSN: 1047-3289
DOI: 10.1080/10473289.2000.10463995
Source: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association [ISSN 1047-3289], v. 50, p. 85-93
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