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Title: The in vitro effect of probiotic Vagococcus fluvialis on the innate immune parameters of Sparus aurata and Dicentrarchus labrax
Authors: Román, L.
Real Valcárcel, Fernando 
Sorroza, L.
Padilla, D. 
Acosta, B. 
Grasso, V.
Bravo, Jimena 
Acosta, F. 
Keywords: Trout Oncorhynchus-Mykiss
Damselae Subsp Piscicida
Bacteria Lactobacillus-Rhamnosus
Grouper Epinephelus-Coioides
Sole Solea-Senegalensis, et al
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: 1050-4648
Journal: Fish and Shellfish Immunology 
Abstract: In this study we evaluated the effect of the probiotic Vagococcus fluvialis on the cellular immune unspecific system of two different fish species of great interest in aquaculture such as gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Leucocytes from head kidney of the two fish species were extracted and concentration adjusted to 10(7) cells ml(-1). Phagocytic and respiratory burst activity and the peroxidase content of leucocytes were observed 30 min after incubation with the probiotic Vagococcus fluvialis alive or inactivated with heat shock or UV-light at different concentrations of 10(7), 10(8), 10(9) cfu ml(-1) (final concentration 10(6), 10(7), 10(8) cfu ml(-1)). V fluvialis produced dose-dependent increments in respiratory burst in sea bream leucocytes. The respiratory burst activity of sea bream head kidney leucocytes incubated with 10(6) cfu ml(-1) of live and inactivated bacteria was not stimulated. The highest values of peroxidase content were observed in sea bass cells with stimulation indexes higher than 1 in HK leucocytes incubated with 10(8) cfu ml(-1) of live and inactivated bacteria. Statistical analysis revealed that differences being only significant in sea bass leucocytes where 10(8) cfu ml(-1) bacteria denote statistically significant differences (P<0.05) respect to other concentrations. Highest values of phagocytic activity were obtained in sea bass macrophages incubated with UV-light inactivated bacteria (27.33% +/- 1.45), where significantly differences with sea bass HK leucocytes were detected. Our results suggest that the in vitro assays are a useful tool to optimize the effective dose of probiotic bacteria. Although in vivo studies are necessary to confirm the immunomodulatory effect of this strain. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1050-4648
DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2012.06.028
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology[ISSN 1050-4648],v. 33, p. 1071-1075
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