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Title: Voltammetric determination of Ni and Co in water samples
Authors: Herrera-Melián, José Alberto 
Doña-Rodríguez, José Miguel 
Hernández-Brito, Joaquín 
Pérez-Peña, Jesús 
UNESCO Clasification: 2391 Química ambiental
Keywords: Upper-Division Undergraduate
Instrumental methods
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: 0021-9584
Journal: Journal of Chemical Education 
Abstract: Stripping voltammetry has attracted considerable attention for the determination of trace and ultratrace metals. This is mainly due to its high sensitivity and low cost of instrumentation. In adsorptive stripping voltammetry an organometallic complex is formed by the addition of a suitable ligand to the sample. The complex is adsorbed onto the Hg-drop by the application of the proper adsorption potential (more positive than E1/2) and solution stirring. After an adsorption period a cathodic (negative going) potential scan is applied and the metal concentration is calculated by the standard addition method. Nickel is found in natural waters at nM levels and is closely related with phosphates and silicates. Cobalt is a component of vitamin B12 and occurs in natural waters at concentration about 0.1 nM. We propose the voltammetric analysis of these elements by adsorptive stripping voltammetry as an introductory laboratory experiment for advanced chemistry or for chemical or environmental engineering students. The experiment has been proven to be very suitable for the laboratory part of the instrumental analysis course at the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain). In general, about 70% of the students have obtained good agreement (less than 10% of difference) between their results and the expected ones. Two hours is enough for the overall instrumental performance and the preparation of Ni and Co standards.
ISSN: 0021-9584
DOI: 10.1021/ed074p1444
Source: Journal of Chemical Education [ISSN 0021-9584], v. 74, p. 1444-1445
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