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Title: Reuse of Phoenix canariensis palm frond mulch as biosorbent and as precursor of activated carbons for the adsorption of Imazalil in aqueous phase
Authors: Martin-Gonzalez, M. A. 
González-Díaz, O. 
Susial, P. 
Arana, J. 
Herrera-Melián, J. A. 
Doña-Rodríguez, J. M. 
Pérez-Peña, J. 
UNESCO Clasification: 2391 Química ambiental
Keywords: Activated carbon
Palm waste, et al
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: 1385-8947
Project: Sistema Completo de Caracterización de la Relación Entre Composición, Estructura y Fotoactividad de Sólidos Sintéticos Con Aplicaciones Fotocatalíticas. 
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal 
Abstract: Three activated carbons were produced by means of phosphoric acid impregnation from Phoenix canariensis palm frond mulch at three temperatures (450, 550 and 650 °C). The starting material, the resulting activated carbons and a commercial high performance activated carbon (Darco KB-G, Norit) were subjected to different techniques to determine their characteristics. The starting material without impregnation, carbonization and activation (as a biosorbent) and the activated carbons were applied to the removal of the fungicide Imazalil (sulphate formulation). The effects of initial concentration, initial pH and temperature on the kinetic parameters were studied for the activated carbons. Only the influence of initial pH was evaluated for the biosorbent. The kinetic experimental data were studied for their fit to pseudo-first and pseudo-second order kinetic models, with the latter providing a better mathematical fit. The adsorption isotherms of Imazalil at 25 °C were obtained, and the experimental data were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich models. The Freundlich model provided the best mathematical fit for the activated carbons, and the Langmuir model for the biosorbent. The activated carbons that were obtained showed high specific surface areas (988–1305 m2 g−1), substantial total pore volumes (0.59–0.88 cm3 g−1), acidic nature and good performance in the adsorption of the fungicide, especially the adsorbent obtained at 550 °C (186.15 mg g−1). Use of the precursor as a biosorbent is not recommended due to its poor adsorption capacity for the fungicide tested (57.46 mg g−1) and lignin release at pH ⩾ 7.
ISSN: 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.02.050
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal [ISSN 1385-8947], v. 245, p. 348-358
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