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Title: Giant Quaternary landslides in the evolution of La Palma and El Hierro, Canary Islands
Authors: Carracedo, Juan Carlos 
Day, Simon J.
Guillou, Hervé
Pérez Torrado, Francisco J. 
UNESCO Clasification: 250621 Vulcanología
Keywords: La Palma (Canary Islands)
El Hierro (Canary Islands)
Gravitational collapses
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: 0377-0273
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 
Conference: Workshop on Volcanism and Volcanic Hazards in Immature Intraplate Oceanic Islands
Abstract: In the past, large morphological escarpments in the Canaries have been generally related to explosive and/or erosive processes. Recent onshore and offshore investigations drastically changed this interpretation, by providing evidence of the importance of giant lateral collapses in the evolution of the islands, especially in their earlier stages of growth. Giant landslide scars and deposits are readily observed both onshore and offshore in the younger, western Canaries, and seem to be a common feature of the development of the entire archipelago. At least one catastrophic collapse is apparent on La Palma: the Cumbre Nueva giant landslide, which occurred about 560 ka ago. This collapse removed some 200 km3 of central-western La Palma, forming a large embayment. Three successive giant landslides and evidence of an aborted attempt at another are seen in the island of El Hierro. The combined volume of those collapses (estimated at about 400–500 km3) considerably exceeds the present subaerial volume of the island (about 140 km3). Giant landslides and erosion during the past million years have removed more than half of the total subaerial volume of La Palma and El Hierro.
ISSN: 0377-0273
DOI: 10.1016/S0377-0273(99)00102-X
Source: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research[ISSN 0377-0273],v. 94, p. 169-190
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