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Title: Influence of climatic and management factors on Eimeria infections in goats from semi-arid zones
Authors: Ruiz Reyes, Antonio 
González, J. F. 
Rodríguez, E. 
Martín, S. 
Hernández, Y. I.
Almeida, R.
Molina Caballero, José Manuel 
Keywords: Capra-Hircus
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: 0931-1793
Journal: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B: Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health 
Abstract: A survey of Eimeria infections was performed in dairy goats and kids (< 6 months old) of six farms from a dry desert area of Gran Canaria Island (Spain). The number of oocysts per gram of faeces (OPG) was determined by a modified McMaster technique over a total of 2616 individual faecal samples taken from the rectum in monthly intervals. Eimeria oocysts were found in 96.1% of the samples with OPG ranging from 1 x 10(2) to 1.4 x 10(6). Kid goats had significantly (P < 0.001) higher OPG counts (46 496 +/- 5228) than dairy females (2225 +/- 287). Eight Eimeria species were identified, with Eimeria ninakohlyakimovae (30.0%), Eimeria arloingi (28.6%) and Eimeria alijevi (20.5%) being the most frequent species followed by Eimeria caprina (9.1%), Eimeria christenseni (4.5%), Eimeria jolchijevi (3.4%), Eimeria caprovina (3.2%) and Eimeria hirci (0.7%). Although significant differences were observed among goat groups and herds, the eight species were present in the six farms in both dairy goats and kids. The intensity of oocysts shedding was related to some factors such as the size of the herd and was further influenced by the prevailing climatic conditions of the area. The highest OPG counts were recorded during the hot season in dairy goats and close to weaning time in kids reared in small farms having no prophylactic treatments against eimeriosis.
ISSN: 0931-1793
DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0450.2006.00985.x
Source: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B: Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health[ISSN 0931-1793],v. 53, p. 399-402
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