Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/45875
Title: Interpreting a ritual funerary area at the Early Neolithic site of Tell Qarassa North (South Syria, late 9th millennium BC)
Authors: Santana, J. 
Velasco Vázquez, Javier 
Balbo, A.
Iriarte, E.
Zapata, L.
Teira, L.
Nicolle, C.
Braemer, F.
Ibáñez, J. J.
UNESCO Clasification: 550405 Prehistoria
550501 Arqueología
Keywords: Neolithic
Near East
Cemetery
Funeral Ritual
Micromorphology
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: 0278-4165
Journal: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 
Abstract: The analysis of a funerary area dated to the late 9th millennium BC (Early to Middle PPNB) sheds newlight on the ritual practice of the first farming communities in Southern Syria. Deceased individuals wereburied in oval graves, placed on their side in a flexed position and oriented along an E-W axis. Skulls and,in some cases, long bones were later extracted for certain funerary rituals in which the memory of thedeceased was relevant and which were carried out in an abandoned house and its attached courtyard.However, veneration seems to be not the only aim of these practices and many other lines of interpreta-tion (worship, revenge, divination, protection, propitiation, relief, witchcraft, etc.) should also beexplored. Secondly, without invalidating the fact that communal and prearranged ritual ceremoniesmay have existed during the PPN, our study stresses the importance of the funerary practices as the resultof numerous rituals repeated on the initiative of small groups of individuals to satisfy diverse and unsus-pected needs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/45875
ISSN: 0278-4165
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaa.2014.12.003
Source: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology[ISSN 0278-4165],v. 37, p. 112-127
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