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Title: The Paths of the European Conquest of the Atlantic: Osteological Evidence of Warfare and Violence in Gran Canaria (XV Century)
Other Titles: Los pasos de la Conquista Europea del Atlántico: Evidencias osteológicas de Guerra y Violencia en Gran Canaria (Siglo XV)
Authors: Santana Cabrera, Jorge 
Velasco Vázquez, Francisco Javier 
Rodríguez De Castro, Felipe Carlos B.
González Marrero, María del Cristo 
Delgado Darias, Teresa 
UNESCO Clasification: 55 Historia
Keywords: Puruchuco-Huaquerones
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: 1047-482X
Journal: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 
Abstract: European expansion in the Atlantic in the late Middle Ages often implied the use of violence, involving tactics and weaponry unknown to some of the affected populations. Among the first places to suffer this violence were the Canary Islands, whose conquest lasted the whole of the fifteenth century. Documentary information about this historical episode is abundant, whereas archaeological evidence testifying to it is very rare. However, an individual from an indigenous funerary context of Gran Canaria (placed in a collective burial cave and wrapped in a shroud made of vegetable fibers) displays a large number of wounds, both on his skull and on the rest of the skeleton, probably caused by swords, suggesting a mortal attack conducted by one or more aggressors. Based on the study of injuries, it is considered a potential explanation of their origin, concluding that most likely this case may be associated with the process of the conquest of the Island. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1047-482X
DOI: 10.1002/oa.2476
Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology[ISSN 1047-482X],v. 26, p. 767-777
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