|Title:||Immunohistochemical localization of glutamine synthetase in mesencephalon and telencephalon of the lizard Gallotia galloti during ontogeny||Authors:||Monzon‐Mayor, M.
De Barry, J.
|Issue Date:||1990||Publisher:||0894-1491||Journal:||GLIA||Abstract:||The immunohistochemical localization of glutamine synthetase, an astrocyte marker in mammals, was determined in the telencephalon and mesencephalon of the lizard Gallotia galloti during development by using an antiserum raised against chicken brain glutamine synthetase. Ependymal glial cells and their radial processes were glutamine synthetase immunoreactive, and they were present also in the adult. Immunoreactivity was also detected in two populations of scattered cell bodies, each preferentially localized in different zones: star‐shaped cells morphologically similar to mammalian astrocytes, and ovoid or pear‐shaped cell bodies, the processes of which were aligned with radial fibers and formed perivascular end‐feet. Both populations displayed ultrastructural characteristics of astrocytes even though a comparison with our previous results (Monzon‐Mayor et al., 1989; Yanes et al., 1989) indicated that many of these cells did not react with antibodies directed against the astrocyte‐specific glial fibrillary acidic protein. During ontogeny, glutamine synthetase immunoreactivity appeared in radial glial processes and in ependymal glial cells of midbrain at embryonic stage 35 (E35) and of telencephalon at E37; in both regions, immunoreactivity in the radial glia increased until hatching and then decreased until adulthood, but it did not disappear. Labelled scattered cells became progressively more numerous and more immunoreactive. A comparative analysis of the distribution of these cells at different ages tends to suggest that some of the “ovoid” astrocytes originate in, and migrate out from, the proliferative zone of the different sulci, whereas the star‐shaped cells appear directly in situ, probably because they begin to express glutamine synthetase after they have reached their final location. Copyright © 1990 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/45534||ISSN:||0894-1491||DOI:||10.1002/glia.440030202||Source:||Glia[ISSN 0894-1491],v. 3, p. 81-97|
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