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Title: A low-cost bidimensional smart pixel network for video coding operations
Authors: López, S. 
Callicó, G. M. 
López Feliciano, José Francisco 
Sarmiento, R. 
UNESCO Clasification: 3307 Tecnología electrónica
Keywords: Image compression
Image coding
Digital image storage
Issue Date: 2005
Journal: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 
Conference: Conference on VLSI Circuits and Systems II 
Abstract: Optimum visual and hearing qualities at high compression ratios as well as reduced area/power dissipation are key factors for actual and future commercial mobile multimedia devices. In this sense, a real time Smart Pixels Array designed to perform efficiently key video coding operations is presented in this paper. In particular, the array introduced is capable to perform the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), Zerotree Entropy (ZTE) Coding and Frame Differencing (FD) over SQCIF images (128×96 pixels) by dividing them into wavelet blocks (8×8 pixels). In order to perform these tasks, the array has been designed as a bidimensional network of interconnected smart pixel processors working in a massively parallel fashion, allowing the operation at very low clock frequencies and hence, low power dissipation. Each of these smart pixels is composed by a photodetector, an analog-digital converter in order to obtain a digital representation of the light intensity received by the photodetector and a Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal placed over the whole surface of the pixel to display the image. Additionally, each pixel has a dedicated circuitry associated which performs all the specific computations related with the three video coding operations previously mentioned, exhibiting a power dissipation of 4.15 μW@128 kHz and a square area of 110×110 μm2 using a 0.25 μm CMOS technology. The array has been integrated into a mobile multimedia device prototype, fully designed at our research centre, capable to send and receive compressed audio and video information with a total power consumption of 1.36 W in an area of 351.5 mm2.
ISBN: 0-8194-5832-5
ISSN: 0277-786X
DOI: 10.1117/12.608263
Source: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering[ISSN 0277-786X],v. 5837 PART II (70), p. 638-649
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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