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Title: Dynamically reconfigurable router for NoC congestion reduction
Authors: Rosales, Juan E.
Tobajas, Félix 
De Armas, Valentin 
Mori, José A.
Sarmiento, Roberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 3307 Tecnología electrónica
Keywords: Field programmable gate arrays
Issue Date: 2011
Journal: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 
Conference: Conference on VLSI Circuits and Systems V
Abstract: Multiprocessor System-on-Chip (MPSoCs) are emerging as one of the technologies providing a way to support the growing design complexity of embedded systems including several types of cores. The interconnection among cores of a MPSoC is proposed to be provided by Networks-on-Chip (NoC). In real applications it is usual to find different interconnection needs amongst cores, so distinct bandwidth is needed in each node of a NoC. Since larger FIFOs in NoC routers provide larger throughputs and smaller latencies, depths are usually sized for the worst case, compromising not only the routing area, but power consumption. In this paper, a reconfigurable router with a dynamic sharing mechanism of buffers at the input channels is proposed to reduce congestion in the network. In this situation, a channel may dynamically lend or borrow some non-used buffer units to or from neighboring channels, in accordance to the connection rates. The proposed reconfigurable router architecture was embedded in the Hermes NoC. The main advantages of the Hermes are its small size and modular design. This, as well as the open source approach, have lead to the selection of this NoC. The basic element of Hermes is a router with five bi-directional ports employing an XY routing algorithm. FIFO buffering is present only at the input channel, with all channels having the same buffer depth defined at design time. The proposed reconfigurable router has been coded in VHDL at RTL level from the adaptation of the Hermes router to fit into the proposed scheme. Results obtained from the simulation of the router under scenarios with different traffic characteristics and percentage of shared buffer, show that mean latency can be reduced up to a 30% in comparison to the original router.
ISBN: 9780819486561
ISSN: 0277-786X
DOI: 10.1117/12.887473
Source: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering[ISSN 0277-786X],v. 8067 (80670H)
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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