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Title: Lossy hyperspectral image compression on a graphics processing unit: parallelization strategy and performance evaluation
Authors: Santos, Lucana 
Magli, Enrico
Vitulli, Raffaele
Núñez, Antonio 
López, José F. 
Sarmiento, Roberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 3307 Tecnología electrónica
Keywords: Image compression
Image coding
SPIHT algorithm
Issue Date: 2013
Journal: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 
Abstract: There is an intense necessity for the development of new hardware architectures for the implementation of algorithms for hyperspectral image compression on board satellites. Graphics processing units (GPUs) represent a very attractive opportunity, offering the possibility to dramatically increase the computation speed in applications that are data and task parallel. An algorithm for the lossy compression of hyperspectral images is implemented on a GPU using Nvidia computer unified device architecture (CUDA) parallel computing architecture. The parallelization strategy is explained, with emphasis on the entropy coding and bit packing phases, for which a more sophisticated strategy is necessary due to the existing data dependencies. Experimental results are obtained by comparing the performance of the GPU implementation with a single-threaded CPU implementation, showing high speedups of up to 15.41. A profiling of the algorithm is provided, demonstrating the high performance of the designed parallel entropy coding phase. The accuracy of the GPU implementation is presented, as well as the effect of the configuration parameters on performance. The convenience of using GPUs for on-board processing is demonstrated, and solutions to the potential difficulties encountered when accelerating hyperspectral compression algorithms are proposed, if space-qualified GPUs become a reality in the near future.
ISSN: 1931-3195
DOI: 10.1117/1.JRS.7.074599
Source: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing,v. 7 (12485SS)
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