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Title: A Novel Negative Abundance-Oriented Hyperspectral Unmixing Algorithm
Authors: Marrero, Rubén
Lopez, Sebastian 
Callicó, Gustavo M. 
Veganzones, Miguel Angel
Plaza, Antonio
Chanussot, Jocelyn
Sarmiento, Roberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 3307 Tecnología electrónica
Keywords: Hyperspectral imaging
Algorithm design and analysis
Vectors, et al
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: 0196-2892
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 
Abstract: Spectral unmixing is a popular technique for analyzing remotely sensed hyperspectral data sets with subpixel precision. Over the last few years, many algorithms have been developed for each of the main processing steps involved in spectral unmixing (SU) under the LMM assumption: 1) estimation of the number of endmembers; 2) identification of the spectral signatures of the endmembers; and 3) estimation of the abundance of endmembers in the scene. Although this general processing chain has proven to be effective for unmixing certain types of hyperspectral images, it also has some drawbacks. The first one comes from the fact that the output of each stage is the input of the following one, which favors the propagation of errors within the unmixing chain. A second problem is the huge variability of the results obtained when estimating the number of endmembers of a hyperspectral scene with different state-of-the-art algorithms, which influences the rest of the process. A third issue is the computational complexity of the whole process. To address the aforementioned issues, this paper develops a novel negative abundance-oriented SU algorithm that covers, for the first time in the literature, the main steps involved in traditional hyperspectral unmixing chains. The proposed algorithm can also be easily adapted to a scenario in which the number of endmembers is known in advance and two additional variations of the algorithm are provided to deal with high-noise scenarios and to significantly reduce its execution time, respectively. Our experimental results, conducted using both synthetic and real hyperspectral scenes, indicate that the presented method is highly competitive (in terms of both unmixing accuracy and computational performance) with regard to other SU techniques with similar requirements, while providing a fully self-contained unmixing chain without the need for any input parameters.
ISSN: 0196-2892
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2014.2383440
Source: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing[ISSN 0196-2892],v. 53 (7027797), p. 3772-3790
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