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Title: Food patterns of Spanish schoolchildren and adolescents: The enKid study
Authors: Serra-Majem, Lluís 
García-Closas, Reina
Ribas, Lourdes
Pérez-Rodrigo, Carmen
Aranceta, Javier
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: 1368-9800
Journal: Public Health Nutrition 
Conference: 4th Congress of the Spanish-Society-of-Community-Nutrition (SENC)/3rd International Workshop of Community Nutrition 
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish schoolchildren and adolescents.Design: Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview.Methods: A random sample of 3534 people aged 2 to 24 years were interviewed by a team of 43 dietitians in the subjects' homes. Interviews included 24-hour recalls (a second 24-hour recall in 30% of the sample), a food-frequency questionnaire and other questions including lifestyles, knowledge and food preferences.Results: The participation rate was 68%. Mean daily energy consumption was 2189 kcal among males and 1781 kcal among females, and the percentage of energy from fat and saturated fat was 39.8% and 13.4%, respectively, without any differences by gender. Of females, 95% showed folic acid intakes below 200 mug day(-1). Consumption expressed as food groups reflected a westernised Mediterranean pattern.Conclusions: The enKid Study provides reliable and useful nutrition information for children and adolescents in Spain, having incorporated a rigorous methodological design within a representative sample.
ISSN: 1368-9800
DOI: 10.1079/PHN2001234
Source: Public Health Nutrition[ISSN 1368-9800],v. 4, p. 1433-1438
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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