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Title: Breakfast consumption in Spanish children and young people
Authors: Aranceta, Javier
Serra-Majem, Lluís 
Ribas, Lourdes
Pérez-Rodrigo, Carmen
Keywords: Dietary
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: 1368-9800
Journal: Public Health Nutrition 
Conference: 4th Congress of the Spanish-Society-of-Community-Nutrition (SENC)/3rd International Workshop of Community Nutrition 
Abstract: Background and objectives: Breakfast consumption is important for nutritional balance in all population groups. The objective of this paper is to describe breakfast consumption patterns in Spanish children and young people.Design: Random population cross-sectional nutritional survey.Methods: A random sample of 3534 people aged 2 to 24 years were interviewed by a team of 43 dietitians. The protocol included 24-hour recalls (a second 24-hour recall in 30% of the sample), a food-frequency questionnaire and other questions including lifestyles, knowledge and food preferences.Results: Participation rate in the survey was 68%. Of the boys, 91.2% and 92.2% of the girls in the sample usually had breakfast. Mates aged 18 years and above and 14-17-year-old girls showed the lowest consumption rates. Some 4.1% of the sample did not have any food at all before lunch. Main sources of energy with breakfast were milk and dairy products (34%) and buns, cookies, croissants, etc. (24.6%). Some 44.7% of the sample was classified in the poor-quality breakfast group. Subjects from a low socio-economic background and low educated parents had lower Quality Breakfast Score.Conclusions: The proportion of children having breakfast before attending school has increased in Spain in recent decades. However, intake of breakfast is not adequate in a large proportion of this population and a number of children and young people still do not eat anything before lunch. School-based nutrition education involving families, teachers and health professionals, supported by community actions, can contribute to improve this situation.
ISSN: 1368-9800
DOI: 10.1079/PHN2001235
Source: Public Health Nutrition[ISSN 1368-9800],v. 4, p. 1439-1444
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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