Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/44826
Title: Food, youth and the Mediterranean diet in Spain. Development of KIDMED, Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents
Authors: Serra-Majem, Lluís 
Ribas, Lourdes
Ngo, Joy
Ortega, Rosa M.
García, Alicia
Pérez-Rodrigo, Carmen
Aranceta, Javier
Keywords: Europe
Habits
Health
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: 1368-9800
Journal: Public Health Nutrition 
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate dietary habits in Spanish children and adolescents based on a Mediterranean Diet Quality Index tool, which considers certain principles sustaining and challenging traditional healthy Mediterranean dietary patterns.Design: Observational population-based cross-sectional study. A 16-item Mediterranean Diet Quality Index was included in data gathered for the EnKid study (in which two 24-hour recalls, a quantitative 169-item food-frequency questionnaire and a general questionnaire about socio-economic, demographic and lifestyle items were administered).Setting: Spain.Subjects: In total, 3850 children and youths aged 2-24 years residing in Spain.Results: Of the sample, 4.2% showed very low KIDMED index results, 49.4% had intermediate values and 46.4% had high index results. Important geographical differences were seen, with subjects from the Northeast showing the most favourable outcomes (52% with elevated scores vs. 37.5% of those from the North). Lower percentages of high diet quality were observed in low socio-economic groups, compared with middle and upper income cohorts (42.8%, 47.6% and 54.9%, respectively). Large cities had more positive results and only slight variations were seen for gender and age.Conclusions: The KIDMED index, the first to evaluate the adequacy of Mediterranean dietary patterns in children and youth, confirms that this collective is undergoing important changes, which makes them a priority target for nutrition interventions. Results challenge certain commonly perceived notions tied to income level, population size and diet quality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/44826
ISSN: 1368-9800
DOI: 10.1079/PHN2004556
Source: Public Health Nutrition[ISSN 1368-9800],v. 7, p. 931-935
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

544
checked on Feb 28, 2021

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

513
checked on Feb 28, 2021

Page view(s)

11
checked on Mar 1, 2021

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Share



Export metadata



Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.