Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Trends in energy and nutrient intake and risk of inadequate intakes in Catalonia, Spain (1992-2003)
Authors: Serra-Majem, Lluís 
Ribas-Barba, Lourdes
Salvador, Gemma
Jover, Lluís
Raidó, Blanca
Ngo, Joy
Plasencia, Antoni
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Dietary Recall Data
Spanish Population
Nutrition Survey
Variance, et al
Issue Date: 2007
Journal: Public Health Nutrition 
Abstract: Objectives: To analyse trends in energy and nutrient intakes and nutritional adequacy from 1992 to 2003.Design: Two consecutive cross-sectional studies carried out on random samples of the Catalan population ENCAT 1992-93 and ENCAT 2002-03. Dietary intake was assessed by means of two 24-hour recalls on non-consecutive days. Spanish food consumption tables were used. Energy and nutrient data were adjusted for intraindividual variability, and the Spanish recommend nutrient intakes (RNIs) were used in the analysis.Setting: Catalonia region, North Eastern Spain.Subjects: Analysis is based on a total of 4701 individuals; 2641 from ENCAT 1992-93 (1210 men and 1431 women) and 2060 from ENCAT 2002-03 (954 men and 1106 women), aged 10-75 years.Results: No relevant changes in energy intake trends were observed, although a decrease was observed in the daily consumption of proteins (-7g), cholesterol (-56 mg), potassium (-245 mg), vitamin A (-283 RE mu g), retinoids (-71 mu g), carotenoids (-1520 mu g), niacin (-29 mg), folates (-15 mu g), vitamin B-12 (-1.6 mu g) vitamin D (-0.5 mu g), fibre and iron, and an increase in the consumption of calcium (+57 mg) and a slight increase in lipids and fatty acids (% energy). In general, the most outstanding trends were those of vitamin A (as a result of the decreased consumption of offal), proteins, vitamin D and B-12 (due to the decreased consumption of meat and fish) and calcium (as a consequence of the increased consumption of dairy products).Conclusion: No changes were observed in the energy intake of males or females; therefore, the obesity changes may possibly be attributed to changes in physical activity patterns. However, an increase in energy sources of a poorer nutritional profile has been identified, especially for between meal snacks.
ISSN: 1368-9800
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980007000961
Source: Public Health Nutrition [ISSN 1368-9800],v. 10, p. 1354-1367
Appears in Collections:Artículos
Show full item record


checked on May 2, 2021


checked on May 2, 2021

Page view(s)

checked on May 2, 2021

Google ScholarTM




Export metadata

Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.