Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/44703
Title: Excess weight and economic, political, and social factors: An international ecological analysis
Authors: González-Zapata, Laura Inés
Estrada-Restrepo, Alejandro
Álvarez-Castaño, Luz Stella
Álvarez-Dardet, Carlos
Serra-Majem, Lluis 
Keywords: Socioeconomic-Status
Developing-Countries
Income Inequality
Nutrition Transition
Population Health
Life Expectancy
Obesity
Democracy
Epidemic
Growth
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: 0102-311X
Journal: Cadernos de Saude Publica 
Abstract: This study analyzed prevalence rates for excess weight in adults based on body mass index (BMI) and the association with various demographic, socioeconomic, and political variables (democracy index). An ecological design was used, including a total of 105 countries, with BMI data from 2000 to 2006. Other variables were obtained by proximity to the year of nutritional status. The study used the World Health Organization (WHO) classification for BMI. Spearman correlation coefficients and multiple logistic regression models were used. In both genders, overweight and obesity were correlated with calorie availability and the human development index (HDI) and its component variables. As for the variables related to democracy, there was an inverse correlation with weight, stronger in men than women. In conclusion, better living conditions in countries were directly associated with higher rates of excess weight in the population, with different patterns according to gender.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/44703
ISSN: 0102-311X
DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000900008
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica[ISSN 0102-311X],v. 27, p. 1746-1756
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