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Title: Overweight and general and abdominal obesity in a representative sample of Spanish adults: Findings from the ANIBES Study
Authors: López-Sobaler, Ana M.
Aparicio, Aránzazu
Aranceta-Bartrina, Javier
Gil, Ángel
González-Gross, Marcela
Serra-Majem, Lluis 
Varela-Moreiras, Gregorio
Ortega, Rosa M.
UNESCO Clasification: 3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: To-Height Ratio
Body-Mass Index
Waist Circumference
Cardiometabolic Risk, et al
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: BioMed Research International 
Abstract: Objective. To analyze the anthropometric parameters from a representative sample of Spanish adults participating in ANIBES study and the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity. Methods. This cross-sectional study focused on 1655 adults aged 18-64 years. Weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) were evaluated, and body mass index (BMI) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) were calculated. A composite index combining BMI and WHtR was designed to establish five groups with different anthropometric status. Results. The prevalence of overweight (OW) was 35.8% and that of obesity was 19.9%. Obesity (OB) was higher among men (OR 1.725, 1.415-2.104; p = 0.000) and each year of age increased the risk of obesity (OR 1.054, 1.045-1.064; p = 0.000). The prevalence of abdominal obesity (WHtR >= 0.5) was 58.4%. Only 36.1% of the population had an optimal anthropometric situation (BMI < 25 kg/m(2), WHtR < 0.5), whereas 50.1% had weight excess and high WHtR (BMI >= 25 kg/m(2), WHtR >= 0.5). Conclusions. More than half of Spanish population has weight excess and cardiometabolic risk. The results of this study provide an understanding of the current anthropometric situation in the Spanish population, as a first step toward planning interventions and assessing their effectiveness in the future.
ISSN: 2314-6133
DOI: 10.1155/2016/8341487
Source: BioMed Research International [ISSN 2314-6133], v. 2016 (8341487), (Enero 2016)
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