Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/44363
Title: Lipolysis and proteolysis profiles of fresh artisanal goat cheese made with raw milk with 3 different fat contents
Authors: Sánchez-Macías, D.
Morales-delaNuez, A.
Moreno-Indias, I.
Hernández Castellano, Lorenzo Enrique 
Mendoza-Grimón, V. 
Castro, N. 
Argüello, A. 
Keywords: Branched-Chain
Beta-Casein
Reduced-Fat
Acids
Rheology, et al
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: 0022-0302
Journal: Journal of Dairy Science 
Abstract: The objective of this study was to describe the proteolysis and lipolysis profiles in goat cheese made in the Canary Islands (Spain) using raw milk with 3 different fat contents (0.5, 1.5, and 5%) and ripened for 1, 7, 14, and 28 d. beta-Casein was the most abundant protein in all cheeses and at all ripening times. Quantitative analysis showed a general decrease in caseins as ripening progressed, and degradation rates were higher for as-casein than for beta-casein and alpha(S2)-casein. Furthermore, the degradation rate during the experimental time decreased with lower fat contents. The alpha(S2)-casein and alpha(S1)-casein levels that remained in full-fat and reduced-fat cheeses were less than those in low-fat cheese. In contrast, beta-casein also showed degradation along with ripening, but differences in degradation among the 3 cheese types were not significant at 28 d. The degradation products increased with the ripening time in all cheeses, but they were higher in full-fat cheese than in reduced-fat and low-fat cheeses. The free fatty acid concentration per 100 g of cheese was higher in full-fat cheese than in reduced- and low-fat cheese; however, when the results were expressed as milligrams of free fatty acids per gram of fat in cheese, then lipolysis occurred more rapidly in low-fat cheese than in reduced- and full-fat cheeses. These results may explain the atypical texture and off-flavors found in low-fat goat cheeses, likely the main causes of non-acceptance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/44363
ISSN: 0022-0302
DOI: 10.3168/jds.2011-4423
Source: Journal of Dairy Science[ISSN 0022-0302],v. 94, p. 5786-5793
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