|Title:||Lipolysis and proteolysis profiles of fresh artisanal goat cheese made with raw milk with 3 different fat contents||Authors:||Sánchez-Macías, D.
Hernández Castellano, Lorenzo Enrique
Rheology, et al
|Issue Date:||2011||Publisher:||0022-0302||Journal:||Journal of Dairy Science||Abstract:||The objective of this study was to describe the proteolysis and lipolysis profiles in goat cheese made in the Canary Islands (Spain) using raw milk with 3 different fat contents (0.5, 1.5, and 5%) and ripened for 1, 7, 14, and 28 d. beta-Casein was the most abundant protein in all cheeses and at all ripening times. Quantitative analysis showed a general decrease in caseins as ripening progressed, and degradation rates were higher for as-casein than for beta-casein and alpha(S2)-casein. Furthermore, the degradation rate during the experimental time decreased with lower fat contents. The alpha(S2)-casein and alpha(S1)-casein levels that remained in full-fat and reduced-fat cheeses were less than those in low-fat cheese. In contrast, beta-casein also showed degradation along with ripening, but differences in degradation among the 3 cheese types were not significant at 28 d. The degradation products increased with the ripening time in all cheeses, but they were higher in full-fat cheese than in reduced-fat and low-fat cheeses. The free fatty acid concentration per 100 g of cheese was higher in full-fat cheese than in reduced- and low-fat cheese; however, when the results were expressed as milligrams of free fatty acids per gram of fat in cheese, then lipolysis occurred more rapidly in low-fat cheese than in reduced- and full-fat cheeses. These results may explain the atypical texture and off-flavors found in low-fat goat cheeses, likely the main causes of non-acceptance.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/44363||ISSN:||0022-0302||DOI:||10.3168/jds.2011-4423||Source:||Journal of Dairy Science[ISSN 0022-0302],v. 94, p. 5786-5793|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos|
Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.