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Title: Holistic calibration of microscopic traffic flow models: methodology and real world application studies
Authors: Paz, Alexander
Molano, Victor
Sanchez-Medina, Javier 
UNESCO Clasification: 332702 Análisis del trafico
120304 Inteligencia artificial
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Springer 
Journal: Computational Methods in Applied Sciences 
Conference: 1st International Conference on Engineering and Applied Sciences Optimization, OPT-i 2014 
Abstract: This study proposes and applies a methodology to calibrate microscopic traffic flow simulation models. The proposed methodology has the capability to calibrate simultaneously all the calibration parameters as well as demand patterns for any type of network. Parameters considered include global and local as well as driver behaviour and vehicle performance parameters. Demand patterns, in terms of turning volumes, are included in the calibration framework. Multiple performance measures involving link counts and speeds are used to formulate and solve the proposed calibration problem. In addition, multiple time periods were considered. A Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation (SPSA) algorithm is used to search for the vector of themodel's parameters that minimizes the difference between actual and simulated network states. (Punzo V, Ciuffo B, Montanino M Transp Res Rec J Transp Res Board 2315(1):11-24 2012, Punzo et al. [1]) commented on the uncertainties present in many calibration methodologies. The motivation to consider simultaneously allmodel parameters is to reduce that uncertainties to aminimum, by leaving to the experience of the engineers as little parameter tuning as possible. The effects of changing the values of the parameters are taken into consideration to adjust them slightly and simultaneously. This results in a small number of evaluations of the objective function. Three networks were calibrated with excellent results. The first network was an arterial network with link counts and speeds used as performance measurements for calibration. The second network included a combination of freeway ramps and arterials, with link counts used as performance measurements. The third network was an arterial network, with time-dependent link counts and speed used as performance measurements. The experimental results illustrate the effectiveness and validity of this proposed methodology. The same set of calibration parameters was used in all experiments.
ISBN: 978-3-319-18319-0
ISSN: 1871-3033
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-18320-6_3
Source: Engineering and Applied Sciences Optimization / Nikos D. Lagaros, Manolis Papadrakakis (Eds.). Computational Methods in Applied Sciences [ISSN 1871-3033], v. 38, p. 33-52
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