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Title: Gas-bubble lesions in stranded cetaceans. Was sonar responsible for a spate of whale deaths after an Atlantic military exercise?
Authors: Jepson, P. D.
Arbelo Hernández, Manuel Antonio 
Deaville, R.
Patterson, I. A.P.
Castro Alonso, Pedro Luis 
Baker, J. R.
Degollada, E.
Ross, H. M.
Herráez Thomas, Pedro Manuel 
Pocknell, A. M.
Rodríguez Guisado, Francisco 
Howie, F. E.
Espinosa de los Monteros y Zayas, Antonio 
Reid, R. J.
Jáber Mohamad, José Raduán 
Martin, V.
Cunningham, A. A.
Fernández Rodríguez, Antonio Jesús 
UNESCO Clasification: 240118-1 Mamíferos. Ungulados
Keywords: Whales
Stranded cetaceans
Gas-bubble lesions
Issue Date: 2003
Journal: Nature 
Abstract: There are spatial and temporal links between some mass strandings of cetaceans - predominantly beaked whales - and the deployment of military sonar. Here we present evidence of acute and chronic tissue damage in stranded cetaceans that results from the formation in vivo of gas bubbles, challenging the view that these mammals do not suffer decompression sickness. The incidence of such cases during a naval sonar exercise indicates that acoustic factors could be important in the aetiology of bubble-related disease and may call for further environmental regulation of such activity.
ISSN: 0028-0836
DOI: 10.1038/425575a
Source: Nature [ISSN 0028-0836], v. 425 (6958), p. 575-576
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