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Title: Comparative study of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide obtained through sol-gel and sol-gel-hydrothermal synthesis
Authors: Seck, E. I.
Doña Rodríguez, José Miguel 
Pulido Melián, Elisenda 
Fernández Rodríguez, Cristina 
González Díaz, Oscar Manuel 
Portillo-Carrizo, D.
Pérez Peña, Jesús 
UNESCO Clasification: 2301 química analítica
Keywords: TiO2
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: 0021-9797
Project: "Producción de Fotocatalizadores Nanoestructurados Por Procesos de Bajo Coste y Alta Productividad Para Descontaminación de Aguas Residuales: Nanobac 
Nuevos Fotocatalizadores Basados en Tio2 Para Destoxificación de Efluentes Acuosos y Gaseosos: Sintesis, Modificación y Soporte. 
Journal: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 
Abstract: TiO2 particles were prepared by sol–gel method alone and by sol–gel method combined with hydrothermal treatment. The structural and photocatalytic properties of the two series of photocatalysts were compared. XRD studies revealed that rutilization was faster in the series of photocatalysts, which had been additionally subjected to a hydrothermal process (SG-HT). The hydrothermally treated photocatalysts also displayed a higher specific surface area than those which had only been synthesized using the sol–gel process (SG) and subjected to low calcination temperatures of up to 873 K, while this tendency was inverted at higher temperatures. In accordance with the above observation, the hydrothermally treated series of photocatalysts had a lower particle size than the SG series calcined immediately after the sol–gel process up to 873 K, with this relation being inverted for the highest two temperatures which were studied (973 K and 1023 K) and which saw the commencement of rutilization. Increases in average particle size were observed for both series, with a polyhedral morphology seen as calcination temperature rose. FTIR studies highlighted the presence of the band at 2351 cm−1 in the SG-HT photocatalysts, characteristic of surface-adsorbed CO2. This was not seen in the SG or P25 photocatalysts. In terms of photoreactivity, the best photocatalyst in the SG-HT series was that calcined at 923 K and in the SG series at 1023 K (SG-1023). Comparing these two photocatalysts and the commercial P25 photocatalyst, SG-1023 was found to be the most photoactive in both the photodegradation and the mineralization of phenol.
ISSN: 0021-9797
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.03.019
Source: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science [ISSN 0021-9797], v. 400, p. 31-40
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