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Title: Comparison of personality characteristics between high-level Brazilian athletes and non-athletes
Other Titles: Comparação de características da personalidade entre atletas brasileiros de alto rendimento e indivíduos não-atletas
Authors: Bara Filho, Maurício Gattás
Scipião Ribeiro, Luiz Carlos
Guillén García, Félix 
UNESCO Clasification: 61 Psicología
Keywords: Sport psychology
Athletes / Non-athletes
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: 1517-8692
Journal: Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte 
Abstract: Background: Comparison of psychological characteristics between athletes and non-athletes is one of the most explored topics in the personality study in sports. To find a possible personality profile for high-level athletes has been one of the main goals of researchers, studying and comparing samples of athletes with those of non-athletes. Objective: To compare the personality profiles between Brazilian high-level athletes and non-athletes through psychological characteristics, verifying similarities and differences between them. Methods: Two hundred and nine athletes (108 men and 101 women) from four sport modalities (volleyball, basketball, judo and swimming) and 214 non-athletes (169 men and 45 women) composed the study sample. The FPI-R (Freiburg Personality Inventory) was used to evaluate personality. Results: Significant differences (p < 0.05) were found in eight out of the 12 FPI instrument variables: Inhibition, Irritability, Aggressiveness, Fatigability, Physical Complaints, Health Concern, Frankness, and Emotionality between athletes and non-athletes. When subgroups of athletes and non-athletes men and women were compared, the data indicated more generalities and small specificities in the differences between them, presenting significant differences (p < 0.05) in the eight variables previous mentioned, as well as in Self-satisfaction (p < 0.05). Finally, when non-athletes and athletes of team sports (volleyball and basketball) and individual sports (swimming and judo) were compared, once again significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed in the same variables and also in Self-satisfaction (p <0.000) and Social Orientation (p < 0.01). Conclusions: It is observed that there are specific and unique psychological characteristics of Brazilian high-level athletes when compared with a non-athletes sample. The groups are distinguished significantly in the majority of variables, indicating that athletes present differentiated psychological characteristics.
ISSN: 1517-8692
Source: Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte [ISSN 1517-8692], v. 11, n. 2, p. 115-120
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