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Title: Plasma leves of persistent organic pollutans in loggerhead sea turtles (caretta caretta) stranded in the canary islands
Authors: Camacho, M. 
Luzardo, O. P. 
Orós, J. 
Calabuig, P.
Zumbado, M. 
Pinós, J.
Almeida González, M. 
Ruiz-Suárez, N.
Rodríguez-Hernández, A. 
Sangil-Monroy, M. 
Henríquez-Hernández, L. A. 
Boada, L. D. 
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: 0212-7113
Journal: Revista de Toxicologia 
Abstract: This study assessed the degree of contamination by persistent organic pollutants (POPs) present in 193 specimens of loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) stranded in the Canary Islands between 2007-2011. Quantification of plasma levels of organochlorine pesticides (POCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were performed by GC-MS. All samples tested showed measurable levels of several of the POPs included in the study. PAHs was the group that showed the highest levels (total burden of PAHs = 6.45 ng/ml), being phenanthrene the compound most frequently detected and at higher concentrations, indicating the petrogenic origin of these contaminants. PCBs contamination reached lower levels (3.84 ng/ml), dominating the group of hexachlorobiphenyls (PCB-153 and PCB-138 in particular). The pollution levels were also low in the subgroup of POCs, reaching values of 1.67 ng/ml, and being the main metabolite of DDT, p, p'-DDE the compound most frequently detected (89.6%) and at highest concentrations (0.68 ng/ml). There was a clear inverse association between the size of the turtles and the burden of PCBs and PAHs. There were also higher levels of POPs in 2009 and 2010 than in the other years. This study evaluates for the first time the presence of PAHs in stranded turtles blood and our results suggest that this methodology and this animal species can be very useful for monitoring the presence of petroleum derivatives contamination in the aquatic environment.
ISSN: 0212-7113
Source: Revista de Toxicologia[ISSN 0212-7113],v. 29, p. 45-50
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