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Title: Treatment of banana fiber for use in the reinforcement of polymeric matrices
Authors: Benítez, A. N. 
Monzón, M. D. 
Angulo, I. 
Ortega, Z. 
Hernández Castellano, Pedro Manuel 
Marrero Alemán, María Dolores 
UNESCO Clasification: 331210 Plásticos
332205 Fuentes no convencionales de energía
3308 Ingeniería y tecnología del medio ambiente
Keywords: Fibers
Mechanical properties
Thermal analysis
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: 0263-2241
Journal: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation 
Abstract: Recent studies on the use of vegetable fibers in polymers have led to the conclusion that the fibers must be treated to improve their adherence to plastic matrices. The present study investigated the effect of physical and chemical treatments on the suitability of fiber from the Canary banana tree for use as reinforcement for polymers in injection molding processes. This fiber has the advantage of being derived from the vegetable waste that is produced by farms involved in banana cultivation in the Canary Islands. Sodium hydroxide and maleic anhydride were used to treat the fiber under different conditions of pressure and temperature, and then the fiber was examined by thermogravimetric analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The best treatment for improving the thermal properties of banana fiber, with no significant decrease in mechanical behavior, for use in a composite was a combination of 1 N NaOH and saturation pressure.
ISSN: 0263-2241
DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2012.11.021
Source: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation[ISSN 0263-2241],v. 46, p. 1065-1073
Appears in Collections:Artículos
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