Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/42535
Title: Differences in proximal and fatty acid profiles, sensory characteristics, texture, colour and muscle cellularity between wild and farmed blackspot seabream (Pagellus bogaraveo)
Authors: Rincón, L
Castro Alonso, Pedro Luis 
Álvarez, B.
Hernández, M.D.
Álvarez, A.
Claret, A.
Guerrero, L.
Ginés, Rafael 
UNESCO Clasification: 310502 Piscicultura
Keywords: Blackspot seabream
Fatty acids
Muscle fibres
Quality
Sensory
Texture
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Aquaculture 
Abstract: In order to determine the differences between wild and farmed blackspot seabream, a promising finfish species for aquaculture, some parameters affecting quality were evaluated, such as proximal and fatty acid profiles, texture, skin and muscle colours and muscle cellularity, along with an extensive sensory assessment. Proximal composition showed a higher fat proportion in the farmed group whilst higher collagen content was found in the wild group. The fatty acid profile of the farmed group showed important values of EPA and total n- 3 HUFA. Sensory evaluation registered changes in all tested features, especially seafood attributes linked to wild fish and fish oil attributes associated with the farmed group. Texture studies were focused on whole fish and on fillets, both raw and cooked. Raw wild fish fillet showed higher values for hardness and fracturability than farmed fillet. Cooked farm fish fillet rendered higher springiness values than those observed in the wild group. Significant variations were determined in colour studies with a higher lightness (L*) and redness (a*) on the skin of the wild fish and a higher hue than farmed fish. The analysis of fibre type showed that red muscle area was extensive in farmed fish in the cranial, medial and caudal areas. Additionally, the fibre morphology of the red muscle of wild fish showed a greater amount of smaller fibres than that observed in farmed specimens in the three studied areas. The fibres with smaller girth on white muscle were only found in the cranial section of the wild fish. Statement of relevance: The fatty acid profile of the farmed group with interesting total n-. 3 HUFA profile for a farmed species.Higher values of EPA than those from wild fish.Higher lightness (L*) and redness (a*) and hue in the skin of the wild fish.Extensive red muscle area in the farmed fish in the cranial, medial and caudal areas.Smaller fibre morphology of the red muscle of wild fish.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/42535
ISSN: 0044-8486
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.09.016
Source: Aquaculture[ISSN 0044-8486],v. 451, p. 195-204
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