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Title: Characterization of geographical and meteorological parameters
Authors: Montero, Gustavo 
Rodríguez, Eduardo 
Oliver, Albert 
UNESCO Clasification: 3322 Tecnología energética
Keywords: Zero-Plane Displacement
Aerodynamic Roughness Length
Land-Cover Data
Urban Areas
Surface-Roughness, et al
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Springer
Journal: Green Energy and Technology 
Abstract: This chapter is devoted to the introduction of some geographical and meteorological information involved in the numerical modeling of wind fields and solar radiation. First, a brief description of the topographical data given by a Digital Elevation Model and Land Cover databases is provided. In particular, the Information System of Land Cover of Spain (SIOSE) is considered. The study is focused on the roughness length and the displacement height parameters that appear in the logarithmic wind profile, as well as in the albedo related to solar radiation computation. An extended literature review and characterization of both parameters are reported. Next, the concept of atmospheric stability is introduced from the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory to the recent revision of Zilitinkevich of the Neutral and Stable Boundary Layers (SBL). The latter considers the effect of the free-flow static stability and baroclinicity on the turbulent transport of momentum and of the Convective Boundary Layers (CBL), more precisely, the scalars in the boundary layer, as well as the model of turbulent entrainment.
ISBN: 978-3-319-76875-5
ISSN: 1865-3529
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76876-2_2
Source: Wind Field and Solar Radiation Characterization and Forecasting. Green Energy and Technology [ISSN 1865-3529] / Perez Richard (eds), p. 41-63, (Enero 2018)
Appears in Collections:Capítulo de libro
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