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Title: ZooMS identification of bone tools from the North African Later Stone Age
Authors: Desmond, Abigail
Barton, Nick
Bouzouggar, Abdeljalil
Douka, Katerina
Fernandez, Philippe
Humphrey, Louise
Morales, Jacob 
Turner, Elaine
Buckley, Michael
UNESCO Clasification: 550501 Arqueología
Keywords: ZooMS
Osseous implements
LSA, et al
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: 0305-4403
Journal: Journal of Archaeological Science 
Abstract: This study applies peptide mass fingerprinting (also known as 'ZooMS') to bone tools from the North African Palaeolithic, as the first stage in a research programme aimed at understanding distinct phases within a bone tool chain operatoire. We report on the largest collection of bone tools from the North African Later Stone Age (LSA), from the cave site of Taforalt (Grotte des Pigeons) in eastern Morocco. Their appearance at this site from c. 15,000 cal BP appears to coincide with other changes in human behaviour which led to increased sedentism, cemetery use, and intensive exploitation of certain food resources. As such, bone tools can provide insights into how such broad-scale cultural renegotiations may have been brokered technologically, independent of the lithic record. Here, we explore initial raw material selection and manufacture strategies through use of ZooMS, a technique that permits identification of specific animals from very small bone samples. We found that ZooMS is highly suitable for use on the Taforalt material, and that bone tool morphology and construction tracks closely with the original animal from which a tool was made. Our results indicate that the Iberomaurusian occupants of Taforalt embedded bone tools within culturally-mediated technological strategies, potentially involving other perishable materials.
ISSN: 0305-4403
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2018.08.012
Source: Journal of Archaeological Science [ISSN 0305-4403], v. 98, p. 149-157
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