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Title: The Impact of ETA’s dissolution on domestic tourism in Spain
Authors: Voltes-Dorta, Augusto 
Jiménez, Juan Luis 
Suarez Aleman, Ancor 
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
631013 Terrorismo
Keywords: Domestic tourism
Gravity model
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Defence and Peace Economics 
Abstract: In late 2011, the Spanish terrorist organization ETA announced the end of armed violence after more than forty years of illegal activity. While the existing literature has already established the negative impact of terrorist actions on international tourism in a particular region, this paper aims to determine whether ETA’s final ceasefire and definitive dissolution had a positive impact on domestic tourism in Basque Country. To that end, a directed gravity model is estimated over a panel data-set of 699 domestic tourist flows between the Spanish regions from 2008 to 2013. Results suggest that the negative impact on visitor flows was localized in the Basque Country. Also, regardless of a permanent ceasefire announced in 2010, only the 2011 ‘definitive cessation of violence’ had an immediate significant impact on the number of visitors to the Basque Country. These results complement the scarce literature on post-conflict tourism analysis and may have implications for regional authorities in affected regions in their efforts to rebuild their destination brands.
ISSN: 1024-2694
DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2015.1025485
Source: Defence and Peace Economics[ISSN 1024-2694],v. 27, p. 854-870
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