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Title: An algorithm for an accurate detection of anomalies in hyperspectral images with a low computational complexity
Authors: Díaz Martín, María 
Guerra, Raúl 
López, Sebastián 
Sarmiento Rodríguez, Roberto 
UNESCO Clasification: 220990 Tratamiento digital. Imágenes
Keywords: ADALOC algorithm
Anomaly detection (AD)
Hyperspectral imagery
Orthogonal projections
Real-time applications
Issue Date: 2018
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 
Abstract: Anomaly detection (AD) is an important technique in hyperspectral data analysis that permits to distinguish rare objects with unknown spectral signatures that are particularly not abundant in a scene. In this paper, a novel algorithm for an accurate detection of anomalies in hyperspectral images with a low computational complexity, named ADALOC(2), is proposed. It is based on two main processing stages. First, a set of characteristic pixels that best represent both anomaly and background classes are extracted applying orthogonal projection techniques. Second, the abundancemaps associated to these pixels are estimated. Under the assumption that the anomaly class is composed of a scarce group of image pixels, rare targets can be identified from abundance maps characterized by a representation coefficient matrix with a large amount of almost zero elements. Unlike the other algorithms of the state of the art, the ADALOC2 algorithm has been specially designed for being efficiently implemented into parallel hardware devices for applications under real-time constraints. To achieve this, the ADALOC2 algorithm uses simple and highly parallelized operations, avoiding to perform complex matrix operations such as the computation of an inverse matrix or the extraction of eigen-values and eigenvectors. An extensive set of simulations using the most representative state-of-the-art AD algorithms and both real and synthetic hyperspectral data sets have been conducted. Moreover, extra assessment metrics apart from classical receiver operating characteristic curves have been defined in order to make deeper comparisons. The obtained results clearly support the benefits of our proposal, both in terms of the accuracy of the detection results and the processing power demanded.
ISSN: 0196-2892
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2761019
Source: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing [ISSN 0196-2892], v. 56 (2), p. 1159-1176, (Febrero 2018)
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