Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/41740
Title: Prostatic lesions in odontocete cetaceans
Authors: Suárez-Santana, Cristian M. 
Sierra, Eva 
Díaz-Delgado, Josue 
Zucca, Daniele
Bernaldo de Quiros, Yara 
Puig-Lozano, Raquel
Câmara, Nakita 
De la Fuente, Jesús 
de los Monteros, Antonio Espinosa 
Rivero, Miguel 
Arbelo, Manuel 
Fernandez, Antonio 
UNESCO Clasification: 3109 Ciencias veterinarias
310907 Patología
Keywords: Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Cetacean
Crassicauda
Dolphins
Morbillivirus
Prostate gland
Prostatitis
Urogenital system
Whales
Issue Date: 2018
Journal: Veterinary Pathology 
Abstract: The prostate is the only accessory male genital gland described in cetaceans. Although few studies describe the gross and histologic anatomy of the prostate in cetaceans, there is no information on pathological findings involving this organ. The prostate glands of 45 cetaceans, including 8 different odontocete species (n = 44) and 1 mysticete, were evaluated. The main pathologic diagnoses were verminous prostatitis, septic prostatitis, viral prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and prostatitis of unknown etiology. Verminous prostatitis (n = 12) was caused by nematodes of the genus Crassicauda, and different presentations were observed. Septic prostatitis, identified in 2 cases, both involved nematode infestation and Clostridium spp coinfection. One case of viral prostatitis was identified and was associated with morbillivirus infection. In prostatitis of unknown cause (n = 7), varying degrees of prostatic lesions, mostly chronic inflammation, were identified. Impacts at individual levels (eg, localized disease, loss of reproductive capacity) and population levels (eg, decreased reproductive success) are plausible. Our results indicate a high occurrence of prostatic lesions in free-ranging odontocetes. For this reason, the prostate should be routinely inspected and sampled during necropsy of odontocete cetaceans.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/41740
ISSN: 0300-9858
DOI: 10.1177/0300985818755252
Source: Veterinary Pathology[ISSN 0300-9858],v. 55, p. 466-472
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