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Title: The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service Ocean State Report
Authors: von Schuckmann. Karina
Le Traon, Pierre-Yves
Alvarez-Fanjul, Enrique
Axell, Lars
Balmaseda, Magdalena
Breivik, Lars-Anders
Brewin, Robert J. W.
Bricaud, Clement
Drevillon, Marie
Drillet, Yann
Dubois, Clotilde
Embury, Owen
Etienne, Hélène
García Sotillo, Marcos
Garric, Gilles
Gasparin, Florent
Gutknecht, Elodie
Guinehut, Stéphanie
Hernandez, Fabrice
Juza, Melanie
Karlson, Bengt
Korres, Gerasimos
Legeais, Jean-François
Levier, Bruno
Lien, Vidar S.
Morrow, Rosemary
Notarstefano, Giulio
Parent, Laurent
Pascual, Álvaro
Pérez-Gómez, Begoña
Perruche, Coralie
Pinardi, Nadia
Pisano, Andrea
Poulain, Pierre-Marie
Pujol, Isabelle M.
Raj, Roshin P.
Raudsepp, Urmas
Roquet, Hervé
Samuelsen, Annette
Sathyendranath, Shubha
She, Jun
Simoncelli, Simona
Solidoro, Cosimo
Tinker, Jonathan
Tintoré, Joaquín
Viktorsson, Lena
Ablain, Michael
Almroth-Rosell, Elin
Bonaduce, Antonio
Clementi, Emanuela
Cossarini, Gianpiero
Dagneaux, Quentin
Desportes, Charles
Dye, Stephen
Fratianni, Claudia
Good, Simon
Greiner, Eric
Gourrion, Jerome
Hamon, Mathieu
Holt, Jason
Hyder, Pat
Kennedy, John
Manzano-Muñoz, Fernando
Melet, Angélique
Meyssignac, Benoit
Mulet, Sandrine
Buongiorno Nardelli, Bruno
O’Dea, Enda
Olason, Einar
Paulmier, Aurélien
Pérez-González, Irene
Reid, Rebecca
Racault, Marie-Fanny
Raitsos, Dionysios E.
Ramos, Antonio 
Sykes, Peter
Szekely, Tanguy
Verbrugge, Nathalie
UNESCO Clasification: 2510 Oceanografía
Keywords: Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service
Ocean reporting
Ocean monitoring
State of the ocean
Ocean variability, et al
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Journal of Operational Oceanography 
Abstract: The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) Ocean State Report (OSR) provides an annual report of the state of the global ocean and European regional seas for policy and decision-makers with the additional aim of increasing general public awareness about the status of, and changes in, the marine environment. The CMEMS OSR draws on expert analysis and provides a 3-D view (through reanalysis systems), a view from above (through remote-sensing data) and a direct view of the interior (through in situ measurements) of the global ocean and the European regional seas. The report is based on the unique CMEMS monitoring capabilities of the blue (hydrography, currents), white (sea ice) and green (e.g. Chlorophyll) marine environment. This first issue of the CMEMS OSR provides guidance on Essential Variables, large-scale changes and specific events related to the physical ocean state over the period 1993–2015. Principal findings of this first CMEMS OSR show a significant increase in global and regional sea levels, thermosteric expansion, ocean heat content, sea surface temperature and Antarctic sea ice extent and conversely a decrease in Arctic sea ice extent during the 1993–2015 period. During the year 2015 exceptionally strong large-scale changes were monitored such as, for example, a strong El Niño Southern Oscillation, a high frequency of extreme storms and sea level events in specific regions in addition to areas of high sea level and harmful algae blooms. At the same time, some areas in the Arctic Ocean experienced exceptionally low sea ice extent and temperatures below average were observed in the North Atlantic Ocean.
ISSN: 1755-876X
DOI: 10.1080/1755876X.2016.1273446
Source: Journal of Operational Oceanography [ISSN 1755-876X], v. 9 (S 2), p. 235–320
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