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Title: Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) in the open Mediterranean Sea. I. Basin–wide distribution and drivers of chromophoric DOM
Authors: Catalá, Teresa S.
Martínez-Pérez, Alba María
Nieto-Cid, Mar
Álvarez, Marta
Otero, Jaime
Emelianov, Mikhail
Reche, Isabel
Arístegui, Javier 
Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón
UNESCO Clasification: 2510 Oceanografía
Keywords: Dissolved organic carbon
Chromophoric dissolved organic matter
Water masses
Mediterranean Sea
Issue Date: 2018
Project: Zonas de Mezcla y Frentes en El Océano Oscuro Como ¿Hot-Spots? de Biodiversidad y Flujos Biogeoquímicos A Través Del Mar Mediterráneo y Atlántico Nordeste - I. 
Journal: Progress in Oceanography 
Abstract: Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in the open Mediterranean Sea (MedSea) is barely documented, remaining the basin–wide patterns in intermediate and deep waters still enigmatic. Here, full–depth distributions of CDOM absorption coefficients and spectral slopes recorded during the HOTMIX 2014 cruise are presented and their respective environmental drivers resolved. General Additive Models (GAMs) in surface waters and Optimum MultiParameter (OMP) water mass analysis in deep waters were applied. In the surface, apparent oxygen utilisation (AOU), a proxy to cumulative net community respiration, explained most of the variability of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and the absorption coefficient at 254 nm (a254), whereas the absorption coefficient at 325 nm (a325), and the spectral slopes were mostly explained by potential temperature, a proxy to stratification and solar radiation, indicating that both water column stability and photobleaching may drive the variability of the UV–A absorbing CDOM components. In deep waters, the effect of water mass mixing and basin–scale mineralization were discerned from local mineralization processes. Water mass mixing and basin–scale mineralization contributed more substantially to explain the variability of DOC, a254and a325(82–91%) than the variability of the spectral slopes (35–64%). Local mineralization processes indicate that DOC and CDOM play a more relevant role in the carbon cycle in the Eastern (EastMed) than in the Western (WestMed) Mediterranean: whereas DOC contributed to 66 ± 10% of the oxygen demand in the EastMed, it represented only 24 ± 4% in the WestMed. Independently of basins and layers, a254revealed as an excellent proxy to the concentration of DOC in the MedSea. Also, the unexpected inverse relationship of a325with AOU indicates that the consumption of the UV–A absorbing CDOM fraction prevails over their production.
ISSN: 0079-6611
DOI: 10.1016/j.pocean.2018.05.002
Source: Progress in Oceanography [ISSN 0079-6611], v. 165, p. 35-51
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