|Title:||The role of cleaning products in epidemic allergic contact dermatitis to Methylchloroisothiazolinone/Methylisothiazolinone||Authors:||Marrero-Alemán, Gabriel
Saavedra Santana, Pedro
|UNESCO Clasification:||320106 Dermatología
|Keywords:||Methylisothiazolinone||Issue Date:||2018||Journal:||Dermatitis||Abstract:||Background Sensitivity to methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/methylisothiazolinone (MI) has increased rapidly over recent years. This increase is mainly related to the extensive use of high concentrations of MI in cosmetic products, although a growing number of cases of occupational allergic contact dermatitis are caused by MCI/MI. Objective The aim of this study was to examine the association between the increase in MCI/MI sensitization and the work performed by the patients in our area. Methods A retrospective study was undertaken of the records of a total of 1179 patients who had undergone contact skin patch tests for MCI/MI from January 2005 to December 2015. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the factors independently associated with sensitivity to MCI/MI. Results A constant increase in MCI/MI sensitization was observed over the observation period. The only work associated with a significant increase in the prevalence of MCI/MI sensitization was cleaning, with 38.5% of the cleaning professionals with MCI/MI sensitization consulting for cosmetics-related dermatitis. Conclusions Occupational sensitization to MCI/MI in cleaning professionals is worryingly increasing. This, in turn, could possibly account for many cases of cosmetics-associated contact dermatitis. Our findings suggest that a review of the regulations with regard to isothiazolinone concentrations in industrial and household detergents is necessary.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/41451||ISSN:||1710-3568||DOI:||10.1097/DER.0000000000000352||Source:||Dermatitis[ISSN 1710-3568],v. 29, p. 77-80|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos|
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