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Title: Impact on the Fe redox cycling of organic ligands released by Synechococcus PCC 7002, under different iron fertilization scenarios. Modeling approach
Authors: Samperio-Ramos, Guillermo
González-Dávila, Melchor 
Santana-Casiano, J. Magdalena 
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
251001 Oceanografía biológica
Keywords: Iron
Redox behaviour
Organic exudation
Issue Date: 2018
Journal: Journal of Marine Systems 
Abstract: The kinetics of Fe redox transformations are of crucial importance in determining the bioavailability of iron, due to inorganic Fe(II) and Fe weakly organic complexes being the most easily assimilated species by phytoplankton. The role played by the natural organic ligands excreted by the cyanobacteria Synecococcus PCC 7002 on the iron redox chemistry was studied at different stages of growth, considering changes in the organic exudation of the cyanobacteria, associated with growth under two different scenarios of iron availability. The oxidation/reduction processes of iron were studied at nanomolar levels and under different physicochemical conditions of pH (7.2– 8.2), temperature (5– 35 °C) and salinity (10– 37). The presence of natural organic exudates of Synechococcus affected the redox behavior of iron. A pH-dependent and photo-induced Fe(III) reduction process was detected in the presence of exudates produced under Fe-Low conditions. Photolytic reactions also modified the reactivity of those exudates with respect to Fe(II), increasing its lifetime in seawater. Without light mediated processes, organic ligands excreted under iron deficient conditions intensified the Fe(II) oxidation at pH < 7.5. The organic exudates released under High-Fe conditions retarded the Fe(II) oxidation rate, as a function of DOC produced. The changes in the apparent oxidation rate were fitted to polynomial functions for both of the Fe-scenarios considered. A kinetic modeling approach to describe the speciation and the contribution of individual Fe(II) species to the overall oxidation rate was applied, considering the experimental data and delimiting the equilibrium and redox constants between iron and the major ligands present in solution. Two organic type ligands for the exudates of Synechococcus PCC 7002, with different iron-chelation properties were included in the model. The Fe(II) speciation was radically affected when organic ligands were considered. The individual contributions to the overall Fe(II) oxidation rate demonstrated that these organic ligands played a key role in the oxidation process, although their contributions were dependent on the prescribed iron conditions. The study, therefore, suggests that the variability in the composition and nature of organic exudates released, due to iron availability conditions, might determine the redox behaviour of iron in seawater.
ISSN: 0924-7963
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2018.01.009
Source: Journal of Marine Systems[ISSN 0924-7963],v. 182, p. 67-78
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