Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: External costs from vessel emissions at port: a review of the methodological and empirical state of the art
Authors: Tichavska, Miluse 
Tovar De La Fe, Beatriz Erasmi 
UNESCO Clasification: 5311 Organización y dirección de empresas
330511 Puertos
531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
Keywords: External costs
Vessel emissions
Puertos, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Transport Reviews 
Abstract: The accurate calculation of external costs from vessel emissions and shipping (as it happens with transport) strongly depends on parameters such as location, the time of the day and vessel operative. Thus, the use of a full bottom-up approach and granular traffic details is suggested. The latter may represent a substantial improvement in the resolution of shipping activity, energy demand, emissions and cost data being the latter essential for better regulations. The revised work identifies the Impact Pathway Approach (IPA) as the best-practice bottom-up methodology for calculating site-specific external costs derived from shipping air emissions. It has been widely adopted, among others, over major European studies (CAFE, BeTa, NEEDS and HEATCO). Also, it shows that due to costly and complex requirements of creating a shipping and harbour-specific bottom-up approach, external cost calculation based on tonne per euro factors obtained from European Studies (top-down approach) has been widely accepted. Moreover, methodological improvements and the possible achievement of refined estimations (IPA) dedicated to ports and shipping are strongly suggested, as these may improve information quality used for environmental policy and measures that contribute to the internalisation of externality costs.
ISSN: 0144-1647
DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2017.1279694
Source: Transport Reviews [ISSN 0144-1647], v. 37 (3), p. 383-402
Appears in Collections:Artículos
Show full item record


checked on Oct 2, 2022


checked on Oct 2, 2022

Page view(s)

checked on Sep 24, 2022

Google ScholarTM




Export metadata

Items in accedaCRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.