|Title:||Association of diet quality with dietary inflammatory potential in youth||Authors:||Ahmed Bawaked, Rowaedh
|UNESCO Clasification:||3206 Ciencias de la nutrición||Keywords:||Dietary inflammatory index
Total dietary antioxidant
Children, et al
|Issue Date:||2017||Journal:||Food and Nutrition Research||Abstract:||Background: Diet plays a crucial role in the regulation of chronic inflammation. The sparse evidence available in adult populations indicates that diet quality is linked to the dietary inflammatory potential; however, this association has not been established in youth. Design: Data were obtained from a representative national sample of 2889 children and young people in Spain, aged 6-24 years. The dietary inflammatory potential was measured by the dietary inflammatory index (DII), and diet quality by three conceptually different measures: the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents (KIDMED), energy density, and total dietary antioxidants capacity. Results: The mean DII was 1.96 +/- 0.76 units Scoring for the KIDMED index and the total dietary antioxidant capacity significantly decreased (p < 0.001 and p = 0.030, respectively) across quintiles of the DII, whereas the opposite was true for energy density (p < 0.001). The effect size of these associations was strongest for energy density, followed by the KIDMED index and total dietary antioxidant capacity. Conclusion: A healthy diet characterized by high adherence to the Mediterranean diet, high total dietary antioxidant capacity, or low energy density was linked to greater anti-inflammatory potential of the diet, as measured by the DII.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/41301||ISSN:||1654-6628||DOI:||10.1080/16546628.2017.1328961||Source:||Food and Nutrition Research [ISSN 1654-6628], v. 61, article number 1328961|
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