Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/38399
Title: Consumo de tabaco en pipa de agua en estudiantes españoles de secundaria y bachillerato de la provincia de Las Palmas
Other Titles: Waterpipe tobacco consumption in secondary education and high school in students from the province of Las Palmas
Authors: Jorge Araujo, Pedro
Torres-García, Milagros 
Saavedra-Santana, Pedro 
Navarro Rodríguez, Mª Carmen 
UNESCO Clasification: 611303 Abuso de drogas
6102 Psicología del niño y del adolescente
Keywords: Adolescents
Pattern of use
Prevalence
Tobacco
Waterpipe smoking, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Salud y Drogas 
Abstract: Introducción. El consumo de tabaco en pipa de agua se extiende a nivel mundial especialmente entre adolescentes y jóvenes, conociéndose su distribución en diferentes países europeos, entre los que no figura España. Objetivo. Identificar la prevalencia de su consumo en estudiantes canarios de educación secundaria obligatoria y bachillerato. Método. Participaron 1770 alumnos de la provincia de Las Palmas. La muestra se obtuvo estratificando cada bloque académico por áreas geográficas, agrupando a los alumnos en tantos clusters como grupos había en el centro por cada uno de los cursos. El instrumento de recogida de datos fue un cuestionario ad hoc, realizándose un análisis descriptivo (SPSS 17.0 para Windows). Las proporciones se compararon utilizando el test de la χ2. Resultados. La prevalencia de consumo (33.7%), es mayor entre las mujeres, los estudiantes de primero de Bachillerato y los que disponen de un presupuesto semanal superior a 5 euros, siendo el patrón más frecuente, mensual (43.3%), de fin de semana (89.4%) y en casa de amigos (46.9%) o en parques (38.2%). Conclusión. La considerable prevalencia de este tipo de fumadores de tabaco hallada entre los adolescentes canarios alerta de una posible subestimación de la frecuencia de tabaquismo en los adolescentes de nuestro país.
Introduction. Waterpipe consumption is a worldwide phenomenon, especially among adolescents and young adults. There is data on its distribution in various European countries but Spain is not among them. Objective. To estimate the prevalence and to obtain the pattern of waterpipe tobacco consumption in secondary education and high school in Spanish students. Method. The study was carried out in 1770 students from the Province of Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain. To estimate the size of the sample, each academic block was stratified by geographic areas, grouping the students in as many clusters as groups there were in each centre and each course. Instrumental data was an ad hoc questionnaire designed for this study. Statistical analysis included a descriptive study (SPSS 17.0 Windows program). The study of the proportions was calculated using Chi-Square (Χ2) test. Results. Our results show a waterpipe tobacco consumption in 33.7% of all the students, being this consumption higher in girls from first course of high school who had a weekly income of more than 5 €. The pattern of consumption in our students was monthly (43.3%), every weekend (89.4%), and in a friend's house (46.9%) and in parks (38.2%). Conclusion. The considerable prevalence of this type of smoker among Canarian adolescents suggests a possible underestimation of the smoking frequency among Spanish adolescents.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/38399
ISSN: 1578-5319
Source: Health and Addictions / Salud y Drogas[ISSN 1578-5319],v. 17, p. 121-131
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