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Title: Treatment of aquaculture wastewater contaminated with metronidazole by advanced oxidation techniques
Authors: Santana, D. R.
Espino Estévez, Rocío
Santiago García, Dunia Esther 
Ortega Méndez, José Alejandro 
Gonzalez-Diaz, Oscar M. 
Doña-Rodríguez, J.M 
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
3308 Ingeniería y tecnología del medio ambiente
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management 
Abstract: This work analyses the treatment of ornamental aquaculture wastewater contaminated with the antibiotic metronidazole (MTZ) using a reactor with supported TiO2. Preliminary photolysis and hydrolysis studies revealed inefficient elimination of this pollutant under the study conditions. The activity of various photocatalysts in suspension in the elimination of 40 mg·L−1 of MTZ was studied, as well as the degradation performance in different aqueous matrices using UV-A radiation. Process efficiency was strongly and negatively affected by the presence of ions in solution, with a 20% decrease in mineralization. The highest reaction rates was observed with the Evonik-P90 (0.0625 min−1) versus Hombikat (0.0078 min−1). A number of configurations were evaluated to optimise the performance of the reactor with immobilized catalyst in MTZ degradation. Different types of illumination (UV-A and UV-C) were tested as well as the positions of both lamp and catalyst inside the reactor. Various configurations were able to completely eliminate 10 mg·L−1 of MTZ. A greater efficiency was observed in general in the degradation processes with the catalyst immobilized on the outer tube with the internal UV-C lamp (kE.UVC; 0.042 min−1), compared UV-A lamp (kE.UVA; 0.022 min−1). The best configuration was catalyst immobilized on the outer with the internal UV-C lamp and hydrogen peroxide (k E.UVC*; 0.055 min−1).The deposited catalyst was also successfully subjected to continuous re-runs using the optimised configuration with no catalyst deactivation observed. Despite a decrease in photocatalytic activity of 24% after the sixth re-run, 100% MTZ elimination was still achieved. The degradation pathway of metronidazole using TiO2 photocatalysis has also been proposed and detoxification of the samples after the photocatalytic treatment was evaluated using V. fischeri bacteria test.
ISSN: 2215-1532
DOI: 10.1016/j.enmm.2017.04.001
Source: Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management [ISSN 2215-1532], v. 8, p. 11-24
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