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Title: A Multicentre and stratified study of the attitude of medical students towards organ donation in Spain
Authors: Ríos, A.
López-Navas, A.
López-López, A.
Gómez, F. J.
Iriarte, J.
Herruzo, R.
Blanco, G.
Llorca, F. J.
Asunsolo, A.
Sánchez, P.
Gutiérrez, P. R.
Fernández, A.
De Jesús, M.T.
Martínez Alarcón, L.
Lana, A.
Fuentes, L.
Hernández Hernández, Juan Ramón 
Virseda, J.
Yelamos, J.
Bondía, J. A.
Hernández, A. M.
Ayala, M. A.
Ramírez, P.
Parrilla, P.
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
Keywords: Attitude
Medical students
Organ donation
Spain, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Ethnicity and Health 
Abstract: Introduction: Medical students represent a new generation of medical thought, and if they have a favourable attitude towards organ donation this will greatly encourage its promotion. Objective: To analyse the attitude of medical students in Spanish universities towards the donation of their own organs and to determine the factors affecting this attitude. Material and Methods: Type of study: A sociological, interdisciplinary, multicentre, and observational study in Spain. Study population: Students studying a degree in medicine enrolled in Spain (n = 34,000). Sample size: A sample of 9598 students (confidence of 99% and precision of ±1%), stratified by geographical area and academic year. Instrument of measurement: A validated questionnaire of attitude towards organ donation and transplantation (PCID-DTO RIOS) was self-administered and completed anonymously. Results: The questionnaire completion rate was 95.7% (n = 9.275). 80% were in favour of donation, 2% against and 18% were undecided. The following main variables were related to a favourable attitude: being of the female sex (Odds Ratio = 1.739); being in the sixth year of the degree (OR = 2.506); knowing a donor (OR = 1.346); having spoken about the subject with one’s family (OR = 2.132) and friends (OR = 1.333); having a family circle that is in favour, more specifically, having a father (OR = 1.841), mother (OR = 2.538) or partner in favour (OR = 2.192); being a blood donor (OR = 2.824); acceptance of the mutilation of the body if it were necessary (OR = 2.958); and being an atheist or an agnostic (OR = 1.766). Conclusions: Spanish medical students generally have a favourable attitude towards organ donation, although 20% are not in favour.
ISSN: 1355-7858
DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2017.1346183
Source: Ethnicity & Health [ISSN 1355-7858], v. 24 (4), p. 443-461, (Mayo 2019)
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