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Title: Simvastatin down-regulates differential genetic profiles produced by organochlorine mixtures in primary breast cell (HMEC)
Authors: Figueroa Rivero, Javier 
Henríquez-Hernández, Luis Alberto 
Boada, luis d 
Pestano, Jose 
Pérez Luzardo, Octavio L. 
Camacho, María 
Zumbado, Manuel 
Fernández Valerón, Pilar 
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
320713 Oncología
Keywords: Hmg-Coa Reductase
Epithelial-Cells, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Chemico-biological interactions (Print) 
Abstract: Women all over the world are exposed to an unavoidable contamination by organochlorine pesticides and other chemical pollutants. Many of them are considered as xenoestrogens and have been associated with the development and progression of breast cancer. We have demonstrated that the most prevalent pesticide mixtures found in healthy women and in women diagnosed with breast cancer modulates the gene expression in human epithelial mammary cells. Statins are well-known cholesterol-depleting agents acting as inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis. Since the early 1990s, it has been known that statins could be successfully used in cancer therapy, including breast cancer, but the exact mechanism behind anti-tumor activity of the statins remains unclear. In the present study we evaluated the effect of simvastatin in the gene expression pattern induced by realistic organochlorine mixtures found in breast cancer patients. The gene expression of 94 genes related with the cell signaling pathways were assessed. Our results indicate that simvastatin exerts a global down regulating effect on successfully determined genes (78.7%), thus attenuating the effects induced by organochlorine mixtures on the gene profile of human mammary epithelial cells. This effect was more evident on genes whose function is the ATP-binding process (that also were particularly up-regulated by pesticide mixtures). We also found that MERTK (a proto-oncogene which is overexpressed in several malignancies) and PDGFRB (a member of the platelet-derived growth factor family whose expression is high in breast-cancer cells that have become resistant to endocrine therapy) were among the genes with a higher differential regulation by simvastatin. Since resistance to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors is closely related to MERKT, our findings would enhance the possible utility of statins in breast cancer treatment, i.e. improving therapeutic results combining statins with tyrosine Kinase inhibitors.
ISSN: 0009-2797
DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2017.03.001
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions[ISSN 0009-2797],v. 268, p. 85-92
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